East Africa, Gulf of Oman and the HRA
No piracy related incidents were reported off East Africa or the Arabian Sea in July 2018.

Two incidents were reported on 4 July 2018 by UKMTO - A suspicious approach off Muscat,  Oman and an attack south of the Hanish Islands, Yemen. An attack on the Greek Cargo Ship, Chios Freedom was reported off Fujairah, the United Arab Emirates on 4 July 2018. However AIS data placed the vessel in the Red Sea at the time of the attack, in close proximity to the reported attack off the Hanish Island.4

Operation Atalanta

The EU Council extended European Union Naval Force (EU NAVFOR) Operation Atalanta Mandate to counter-piracy operations off the Somali coast to 31 December 2020. EU NAVFOR will also continue protecting World Food Programme (WFP) shipping in the region. EU NAVFOR Operational Headquarters will relocate from Northwood, UK to Rota, Spain, following the UK decision to withdraw from the EU. The Maritime Security Centre Horn of Africa (MSCHOA) will relocate to Brest, France.5

Attacks Related to Conflict in Somalia

22 July 2018
-  The Landing Craft, Alpha Kirawira came under mortar attack by presumably Al Shabaab in the vicinity of the Port of Baraawe, Somalia. The vessel has been carrying supplies for AMISON for several years. It could be presumed that this is general knowledge in the area and the reason for the attack. The onboard security team returned fire. The vessel reached the Port of Baraawe safely. Al Shabaab maintains a presence in the Lower Shabelle region.6
The VLCC, Arsan sustained damage on the stern above the waterline.
Attacks Related to Conflict in Yemen

25 July 2018
-  Two Saudi flagged Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCCs) under escort by the Saudi Frigate RSN Al Damman 816 came under attack by Houthi militia in the Southern Red Sea approximately 70nm west of Hudaydah, Yemen. The tankers are operated by the Saudi shipping company, Bahri and each were transporting two million barrels of Saudi Aramco Crude Oil. The VLCC, Arsan was hit on the stern above the waterline. No oil spill was reported. The vessel sustained damage to its steering gear which required it to be towed to port. The vessels left Ras Tanura Terminal on 16 July 2018 onroute to Egypt. Saudi Arabia suspended oil tankers movement through the Bab al Mandeb Strait for ten days after the attack. Oil Shipments have resumed on 6 August 2018.7

On 14 July 2018 a Yemeni Fishing vessel was destroyed by a sea mine near the port of Hudaydah killing five fishermen. At least six fishermen were also killed in a Saudi coalition attack on Hudaydah on 29 July 2018. Conflict in Yemen has severely affected the livelihood of fishermen around Hudaydah.8
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